Romaykin Ivan Aleksandrovich, Postgraduate student, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. In the modern theory of the state, the federal form of state structure is most often understood as internally contradictory, and is characterized by periodic processes of centralization and decentralization of power. At the same time, the federal model is still widespread in the modern world and continues to attract heightened interest. Objective of this work is to clarify the nature of federalism, its essential features and influence on the state.
Materials and methods. The author used the works of prerevolutionary lawyers and publications of modern specialists of theory of federalism. Methodology basis is analysis of certain aspects of the theory of federalism, dialectical and comparativelegal methods, systematic approach.
Results. The author’s position on the state-forming nature of federalism, which stems from its unifying essence, is grounded.
Conclusions. Federalism has a state nature and does not contain any elements of an international legal order. The most important feature of the federation as a form of state structure is the dual manifestation of its state essence – in the state (sovereign) origin, embodied in the action of the supreme authority, and in the federal principle, implemented mainly through federal relations both of which are simultaneous. Both of them form the foundation of the federal model. Accordingly, the tendencies of centralization and decentralization of state power in the federation are not multidirectional, but unidirectional ones that are in a certain subordination.
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